2. Awareness: Many drug addictions and mental health disorders cause changes in sleep, mood, appetite, weight, behavior, and personality. Alcohol detected on breath, incoherent speech, or drunk/stoned behavior are overt signs of substance use. However, several other telltale signs may indicate an employee is struggling with mental illness and/or an alcohol or substance use disorder. Symptoms include unexplained or unauthorized absences from work, frequent tardiness, taking excessive sick leave, missed deadlines, careless or incomplete work, overly passive or aggressive behavior, and production quotas not being met. Sensitivity training for management and HR and the availability of appropriate professional information and referral resources are paramount. These steps can help employers effectively manage situations before they escalate out of control.
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